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TREES AND SHRUBS
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FALSTAFF AND RED FALSTAFF APPLE TREE
In 1983 a "sport" (a naturally occurring genetic mutation of the original called Red Falstaff) was discovered in Norfolk, UK. It shares all the qualities of its parent but has a redder, slightly more attractive coloured skin.
A high cropping, very reliable variety with sweet acidic tasting apples which look the part. Keeping qualities are reasonable and disease resistance is good.
The parents of Falstaff / Red Falstaff are James Grieve and Golden Delicious with James Grieve seeming to have the major influence, certainly as far as taste and looks are concerned. It was bred at East Malling Research starting in 1965.
APPEARANCE, TASTE AND CHARACTERISTICS OF FALSTAFF
Falstaff is in pollination group 3 putting its flowering period firmly in the middle of season and ensuring that it will be pollinated by (and help pollinate) the majority of other apple trees.
It has the additional advantage over many other varieties in that it is self-fertile. If you have room for only one apple tree, and pollination from others may be a problem (click here for suitable pollination partners), then Falstaff has to be very high on your shopping list. This variety is tops on flavour, texture and looks.
The taste is exactly what most people expect from a modern apple tree, an excellent balance of sweetness and acidity. The texture is firm and crunchy with lots of refreshing juice. The flesh is creamy white. The apples are produced in September / October and if well-stored you can be eating them through until January.
The apple size is medium with Falstaff having a yellow, red and orange skin. Red Falstaff probably looks slightly better with a much redder skin. Disease resistance is good with only scab being a problem but rarely so. The tree is hardy in all parts of the UK and has been awarded an AGM by the RHS.
SUMMARY CHARACTERISTICS OF FALSTAFF
USE: Eating also cooks well and is good for juices
SKIN COLOUR / TEXTURE: Mainly red, orange / green background - Red Falstaff has a redder skin compared to Falstaff
FLESH COLOUR: Crisp creamy white
TASTE AND TEXTURE: Good balance of sweetness and acidity, crisp and crunchy with lots of juice
FRUIT SIZE: Average
STORAGE: Two months
SUITABILITY FOR CORDON / ESPALIER GROWTH: Yes
TREE SIZE: Average size depending on rootstock and conditions
REGULARITY OF CROPPING: Very regular
POLLINATION: Group 3, self-fertile but does even better with a suitable pollination partner
AWARDS: RHS AGM in 1993, reconfirmed in 2013
SPECIAL FEATURES: Taste and texture are excellent. Easy to grow.
The average flowering time (optimum time for pollination) and date when fruits are ripe in the UK for the Falstaff apple tree are set out below. If you have set your home town we can give you a more accurate estimate, if you have not set your home town (do it now by clicking here) the dates below will be the average for the UK.
Your town has not been set, the average main flowering time for Falstaff in the UK is the second week of May. Fruit will be ready for harvesting in the first week of October. Click here if you want to set the dates to your home town.
Flowering and fruit picking dates vary according to the weather in any particular growing season so the above dates may well change slightly from one year to the next. The flowering date above is when the apple tree produces the maximum number of blossoms, it will also produce blossom, although less, a week or two either side of the date given.
A Falstaff apple ready for picking
Pictures from public sector information licensed under the Open Government Licence v2.0.
FALSTAFF PESTS AND DISEASES
Falstaff has good overall pest and disease resistance even when grown in cool and wetter than average conditions. It is only average however as far as scab and aphid problems are concerned.
This is a fungal disease which primarily affects the leaves, fruit and the general health of the tree. In spring the leaves have small yellow patches on them which soon turn brown. In July / August the leaves fall prematurely and prevent the fruits from developing correctly.
A leaf infected with Scab
The fruits are also commonly affected and will have greyish, slightly
raised or sunken areas on the
surface. This affected area will not grow with rest of the apple causing it to split eventually,
providing an ideal site for other infections to enter.
An apple fruit affected by scab
Apples with scab are safe to eat, simply cut out the affected surface area. The surface damage will however, affect the storage life which will be minimal. So eat apples affected by scab before eating ones in good condition.
The primary treatment for the home gardener is to pick up and destroy all fallen leaves and fruit because these contain the spores which will cause re-infection next year. There are no longer any chemical sprays available to the UK gardener for treating scab on apple trees where the fruit will be eaten. Click here for more detailed information on identifying and treating apple scab.
The first signs to look out for are the aphids themselves on the undersides of the leaves. Often they are not initially visible with the naked eye so a magnifying glass may be required.
Secondary signs of aphids are leaves curling inwards and distorted. The attack won't be fatal to the tree but if the infestation is significant it will affect the number of apples which reach full size. Read our article dedicated to recognising, avoiding and treating aphids here.
For a full description of common apple pests and diseases click here.
PRUNING FALSTAFF / RED FALSTAFF
Falstaff is a spur bearing apple tree which is the commonest type and easiest as far as pruning is concerned. It's very average as far as vigour and shape is concerned so can be pruned annually exactly as described in our detailed page on pruning apple trees.
In summary, after the initial shape-forming pruning in the first three years of its life, the following principles should be applied with each annual prune:
- Avoid pruning fruiting spurs - see the picture below for an example of a fruiting spur
- Prune the tree roughly into a wine goblet shape. Outward growing
branches with an uncluttered central area.
- Don't hard prune an overgrown Falstaff apple tree. Spread any
corrective pruning over two to three years.
- Remove crossing and touching branches. As the wind blows they will
rub together and open wounds which allow diseases to enter.
- Prune out diseased wood wherever it is. It is most unlikely to
recover to a healthy condition and may spread further through the tree.
- Clean up afterwards. Any leaves, stems or branches left on the ground will quickly become a breeding ground for pests and diseases.
BUYING FALSTAFF / RED FALSTAFF
Both Falstaff and Red Falstaff are available to buy from garden centres, plant nurseries and via websites in the UK. Red Falstaff is probably easier to find nowadays and we would recommend it because it has a deeper red colour.
In common with most other apple trees buying online from a garden centre looks to be the most expensive option although picking up a tree yourself from your local garden centre will give better prices. As far as online websites are concerned none stands out in any particular way as far as this variety is concerned. Simply type in "buy Red Falstaff apple tree" into your favourite search engine and you will be given 10 or so suppliers to choose from.
If you are looking for organically grown Falstaff apple trees, the choice is far more limited. Walcot Organic Nursery sell them at excellent prices and we can recommend them from our own personal experience. Their apple trees have been raised on a Soil Association certified specialist nursery. Their website can be found here.
Wait until November onwards and bare-rooted trees will be in stock at much cheaper prices compared to pot grown ones. We did notice that some of the well-known online suppliers were beginning to run out out of supplies of some forms of Red Falstaff even in September so maybe pre-ordering a bare-rooted tree earlier than November would give you a larger choice.
Remember that all apple trees need a stake to support them for the first couple of years and some require staking for life. So if you haven't got a stake and a tie for your new tree then buy one when you order the tree for convenience.
If you cannot bear the thought of trawling through the internet for a supplier we can recommend Blackmoor's who look to be good value for this variety when postage costs are also taken into account.
Both Falstaff and Red Falstaff can be treated exactly the same as far as pollination is concerned. They are both self-fertile but in years with poor conditions they will benefit from a nearby pollination partner. They are in pollination group 3. Suitable pollination varieties include the following:
- Alkmene - pollination group 2, self-sterile, eater
- Arthur Turner - pollination group 3, self-sterile, cooker
- Beauty of Bath - pollination group 2, self-sterile, eater
- Bountiful - pollination group 3, self-sterile, cooker
- Braeburn - pollination group 4, self-fertile, eater
- Charles Ross - pollination group 3, partially
self-fertile, cooker and eater
- Court of Wick - pollination group 3, self-sterile,
eater and cooker
- Devonshire Quarrenden - pollination group 2, partially self-fertile, cooker
- Discovery - pollination group 3, self-sterile, eating and
- Dumelows Seedling - pollination group 4, self-sterile, cooker
- Egremont Russet - pollination group 2, partially
self-fertile, eater and cooker
- Emneth Early - pollination group 3, partially self-fertile, cooker
- Ellison's Orange - pollination group 4, partially self-fertile, eater
- Fiesta - pollination group 3, partially self-fertile, eater
- Golden Delicious - pollination group 4, partially self-fertile, eater and cooker
- Granny Smith - pollination group 3, self-fertile, eater and cooker
- Greensleeves - pollination group
2, self-fertile, eater, cooker, juice
- Grenadier - pollination group 3, partially self-fertile, cooker
- Honeycrisp - pollination group 4, self-sterile, eater
- Howgate Wonder - pollination group 3, partially self-fertile, cooker and eater
- Idared - pollination group 2, self-sterile, eater
- Kidds Orange Red - pollination group 3, self-sterile, eater
- King of The Pippins - pollination group 4, partially self-fertile, eater and cooker
- Laxtons Superb - pollination group 4, partially
- Lord Derby - pollination group 4, self-sterile, cooker
- Lord Lambourne - pollination group 2, self-fertile,
eater and cooker
- Newton Wonder - pollination group 4, partially self-fertile, cooker
- Peasgoods Nonsuch - pollination group 3, partially self-fertile, cooker
- Rajka - pollination group 4, self-sterile, eater
- Red Windsor - pollination group 2, self-sterile, eater
- Reverend W Wilks - pollination group 2, self-fertile, cooker
- Scrumptious - pollination group 3, self-fertile, eater
- Sops in Wine - pollination group 3, self-sterile, juicer
- Spartan - pollination group 3, self-fertile, eater
- Sunset - pollination group 3, self-fertile, eater
- Tydemans Late Orange - pollination group 4, self-sterile, eater
- Winston - pollination group 4, self-fertile, eater
- Worcester Pearmain - pollination group 3, partially self-fertile, eater
The full list of apple tree varieties which we have reviewed is listed below. Select any one of them and then click the "More Information" button to be taken to the in depth review: